Skip to content | Skip to navigation
The following links and documents will provide additional information:
An excellent series of articles about Real Time Networks
Working with Grid Coordinates by Richard J. Sincovec of Edward-James Surveying - A clear explanation of how to work with ground or grid coordinates and what ground to grid factors mean.
Trivial Baselines as Redundant Measurements by R. Cliff Wilkie - Surveying and Land Information Systems, Vol. 55, No. 2 1995, pp. 99-108
GPS Satellite Surveying, Alfred Leick: General information as well as a detailed treatment of the mathematics of GPS positioning. Considered by many to be The "Bible" of GPS positioning.
GPS for Land Surveyors, Jan Van Sickle: An excellent overview of how to use GPS in surveying operations.
Map Projections - A Working Manual, John P. Snyder, USGS: Excellent explanation of map projections from the general to the specific. Step by step samples of how to do the math of many transformation problems.
The 3-D Global Spatial Data Model (GSDM): Foundation of the Spatial Data Infrastructure, by Earl F. Burkholder: A recently published encyclopedic compendium of useful mathematical processes written in a straightforward style and stuffed with useful example problems. A fine reference book containing an astonishing amount of information. A bit of mathematical history and a broad range of explanations of mathematical principals and processes. Replete with formulas and sample problems describing a broad gamut from simple geometry and trigonometry, more complex circular curves, spiral curves, probability & statistics, helmert transformations and into more complex non-euclidean geodetic problems on elliptical surfaces: geodetic inverse & traverse and discussions of geoidal modeling and GPS positioning. When you can't find some obscure mathematical formula, it's likely to be in this book.
Geodesy for the Layman, Richard Burkard et als, NOAA reprint: About geodesy basics. An old but not dated explanation of basic principles of geodesy.